RAD51 135G > C polymorphism and risk of familial breast cancer in a South American population

Jara, L; Acevedo ML; Blanco, R; Castro, VG; Bravo T; Gomez, F; Waugh E.; Peralta O; Cabrera, E; Reyes, JM; Ampuero S.; Gonzalez-Hormazabal, P

Abstract

Several studies have reported that mutations in genes involved in maintenance of genome integrity may be responsible for increased cancer risk. Human RAD51, known to function in DNA repair, interacts with a number of proteins implicated in breast cancer (BC), including BRCA1 and BRCA2. Few studies have investigated the role of RAD51 gene variations in familial BC. To detect potential novel gene defects that may contribute to hereditary BC susceptibility, 143 patients belonging to 143 Chilean families tested for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were screened for mutations in RAD51, using conformational sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE) and DNA sequencing. No mutations were detected in the exon or splice-boundary regions of the RAD51 gene in these families. The RAD51 135G>C polymorphism (c.-98G>C, rs1801320) was studied in a case-control design, to evaluate its possible association with BC susceptibility. The frequency of the RAD51 135C allele was established in 143 cases and 247 controls, using restriction fragment length polymorphism-polymerase chain reaction. RAD51 135C genotypes (G/C and C/C) were associated with an increased BC risk only among women with (a) a family history of BC, (b) BRCA1/2 negative (n = 131), and (c) age at onset <50 years (P = 0.020; OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.11-4.24). Thus, we propose that RAD51 135G>C polymorphism presents an increased risk of familial BC in women with age < 50 years at diagnosis, and this polymorphism may be a BC risk variant. This finding should be confirmed in other populations. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título según WOS: RAD51 135G > C polymorphism and risk of familial breast cancer in a South American population
Título según SCOPUS: RAD51 135G>C polymorphism and risk of familial breast cancer in a South American population
Título de la Revista: CANCER GENETICS AND CYTOGENETICS
Volumen: 178
Asunto: 1
Editorial: Elsevier Science Inc.
Fecha de publicación: 2007-01-01
Página de inicio: 65
Página final: 69
Idioma: English
DOI/URL:

10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2007.05.024

Identificador: 10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2007.05.024
Notas: ISI, SCOPUS