Factors related to unmet oral health needs in older adults living in Chile

Mariño R, Giacaman RA.


To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of an ambulant population of older adults, living in the Maule Region, Chile, and provide descriptive information on its distribution by selected socio-demographic characteristics. The source of primary data was the Regional Oral Health Survey. A stratified random sample of 438 older adults, aged 65-74 years, living independently in the community was orally examined, and underwent an oral health interview. The sample was largely a dentate one (74.9%); with a mean DMFT score of 25.7 (s.d. 6.5) and an average number of missing teeth of 22.4 (s.d. 5.8). Dentate participants had 41% of their restorative care needs unmet, and 68.4% needed oral hygiene instruction plus removal of calculus on their teeth. Almost 30.1% required complex periodontal therapy. 21% of those fully edentulous were in need of full dentures. Comparing these findings with existing data on the oral health of older adults in Chile, participants in this study appear to have lower missing teeth scores and less need for complex periodontal treatment. Inequities were apparent in the proportion of unmet restorative and prosthetics needs. Community-based preventive care programs specifically tailored to older adults are needed to address this challenge. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Más información

Título de la Revista: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volumen: 58
Asunto: 3
Fecha de publicación: 2014-05-14
Página de inicio: 454
Página final: 459
Idioma: English


Identificador: 10.1016/j.archger.2014.01.003