Conservation strategies for biodiversity and indigeneous people in Chilean forest ecosystems

Armesto, J. J.; Smith-Ramirez C.; Rozzi R.

Keywords: chile, population, biodiversity, human, forest, ecosystem, indigenous, activity

Abstract

The distribution of Chilean temperate forests has been greatly disrupted by human activities, mainly through logging, land clearing for agriculture, and replacement of native forests by extensive commercial plantations of exotic trees. More than 1/2 million people of indigenous ancestry (mainly Pehuenche and Huilliche) still live in close association with forests in south-central Chile. Indigenous people have been forced to retreat, along with the last remains of native forests, towards marginal lands, characterised by low productivity and limited accessibility. This process has been driven by a historical trend that reassigned public and indigenous land to private or industrial landowners, and by a Chilean forestry policy that has ignored biodiversity and non- timber forest products, and undervalued native forests by providing costly subsidies to industrial plantations for timber and pulp production. As a result of these policies, two major conflicts have emerged: indigenous people encroached by timber plantations are resisting the expansion of commercial forestry, and the conservation of the last remains of biologically valuable habitat is at odds with land-use claims by indigenous groups in less accessible areas. A promising solution to these problems is the development of mixed-use landscapes or "extractive reserves", where non-degrading economic uses of forests, such as ecotourism and harvesting of non-timber products, coexist with the provision of ecosystem services and protection of biodiversity within indigenous land. Regulation of land use in extractive reserves requires strengthening traditional knowledge of natural resource use and government incentives to manage and conserve native forests.

Más información

Título según SCOPUS: Conservation strategies for biodiversity and indigeneous people in Chilean forest ecosystems
Título de la Revista: JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF NEW ZEALAND
Volumen: 31
Asunto: 4
Editorial: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Fecha de publicación: 2001-01-01
Página de inicio: 865
Página final: 877
Idioma: English
Notas: SCOPUS