Man

Roberto Fernando Nespolo Rossi

Titular Professor

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

Líneas de Investigación


I am interested in how phenotypic evolution proceeds in natural as well as artificial populations. To address these problems I have been involved in physiological measurements, quantitative genetics, and molecular ecology in range of organisms.

Educación

  •  Ecology, PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE CHILE. Chile, 2002
  •  Biology, UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE. Chile, 1996

Experiencia Académica

  •   Associate Professor Full Time

    UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

    Science

    Valdivia, Chile

    Enero 2003 - A la fecha

  •   Director Full Time

    UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

    Science

    Valdivia, Chile

    Enero 2008 - Enero 2010

  •   Coordinator of Doctorate Program in Systematics and Ecology Full Time

    UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

    Science

    Valdivia, Chile

    Enero 2007 - Enero 2009

  •   Titular Professor Full Time

    UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

    Science

    Valdivia, Chile

    Enero 2013 - A la fecha

Experiencia Profesional

  •   Academic Full Time

    Universidad Austral de Chile

    Valdivia, Chile

    Enero 2002 - A la fecha

Formación de Capital Humano


1.- Thesis Directed
Undergraduate students:
Pablo Cortés (Bs. Biology, UACH, 2010).
Andrea Bruning (Bs. Biology, UACH, 2012).
Carolina Contreras (Bs. Biology, UACH, 2012).
Julio Figueroa (Bs. Biology, UACH, 2017)
Pablo Quintrel (Ing. Biotechnology, USACH, 2019)

Past graduate students:

Master

Julian F. Quintero Galvis (Msc science mention Genetics, UACH, 2014-2016)
Pedro Ratamal (Msc science mention Ecology, UACH, 2015-2017)
Rocio Paleo (Msc science mention Genetics, UACH, 2016-2018)

Doctorate
Pablo Cortés (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2011-2014).
Paulina Artacho (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2005-2008).
Luis Castañeda (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2006-2009).
Juan Diego Gaitan (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2010-2012).
Rodrigo Scheihing (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2008-2011).
José Luis Bartheld (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2011-2013).
Pablo Cortés (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH, 2011-2014).

Post-doc advisoring:
Marcela Franco (funded by FONDECYT)
Luis Castañeda (funded by FONDECYT)

2.-Membership thesis comitees
Cecilia Norambuena (PhD in Agricultural Sciences, P. Universidad Católica de Chile)
Eduardo Soto (PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Universidad de Chile).
Paula Gadicke (PhD in Veterinary Sciences, UACH)
Tamara Tadich (PhD in Veterinary Sciences, UACH)
Mauricio Carter (PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Universidad de Chile)
Marcela Franco (PhD in Systematics and Ecology, UACH).

3.- Undergraduate and Graduated Teaching
RESPONSIBLE
Evolution, ECEV 434. Evolution course for PhD students

COLABORATIONS:
Advanced Biostatistics, ECEV 424. Graduate Students, First Year.
Advanced topics in Ecology and Evolution. Graduate Students, First Year.
Biometrics, ECEV 208. Biology Undergraduate Student.
Evolutionary Physiology, Graduate Students, First Year.
Evolutionary Biology, Graduate Students, First Year.
Evolution, Undergraduate Students, Fourh Year.
Ecology, Undergraduate Students, Fourh Year.
Genetics, Undergraduate Students, Fourh Year.


Difusión y Transferencia


In order to reach the public, I have done lectures in high schools, press releases and interviews in magazines and newspapers related with my results. Also I have been performing summer courses in topics of evolutionary biology for high school teachers and “Explora-Conicyt” experiences in which students get involved with the research a the laboratory.

2009. News article featuring our research regarding the marsupial Monito del Monte, including photo, map and figure of marsupial evolution. http://noticias.uach.cl/uachmedios/2899.pdf

2009. May. News at a local newspaper (“El Mercurio”) relating one of our findings regarding natural selection in land snails, including a photo with a PhD student
http://diario.elmercurio.com/detalle/index.asp?id={1b8d248d-b3e7-4db7-9231-75c878bb98ed}

2009. Lecture to students of the “Windsor School”, Rodrigo Scheihing (PhD student) and Marcela Franco (postdoc): “The science of ecology and evolution: lessons from native Chilean animals”. The lecture included demonstrations of native living animals such as degus (Octodon degus, a rodent), monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides, a marsupial), a terrestrial snail (Helix aspersa) and copepods (Tigriopus californicus) in a glass with salt water.

2010. Explora club, project code 8CR/11/1-02-BC. An outreach program coordinated by Explora (www.explora.cl), where two or three school students participate in research, joining to a scientific team. In this case, two students from “Maria Degracia” school at Futrono developed a research in our lab, regarding terrestrial snail functional ecology, that was presented at the Explora meeting this year.
2010. Research note as “Characters and Nature: Roberto Nespolo, biologist” http://www.revistabioma.cl/roberto_nespolo.html A short note directed to childrens, describing the personal story of how to become a scientist of nature.

2011. (Jan, 14) Lecture: “Natural selection: modern methods of research and its role on evolution”. In “First Outreach Course for Secondary Teachers of Valdivia”, organized by Erwin González (Biology Lic.) and sponsored by Instituto de Ecología y Evolución, Universidad Austral de Chile.

2011. Outreach article (Spanish) “The evolution of warm-blooded animals” http://www.revistabioma.cl/evolucion_de_los_endotermos.html An outreach article about the evolution of endothermy, based on our review in Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

2011. Interview at “Sociedad de Biologia de Chile” website, talking about science, ecology and society: http://www.biologiachile.cl/blog/?p=1683.

2012. Lecture: “How research in natural selection and microevolution is done”. In “Second Outreach Course for Secondary Teachers of Valdivia”, organized by Andrea Silva (PhD) and sponsored by Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas, Universidad Austral de Chile.


Premios y Distinciones

  •   George Bartholomew Award

    Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

    Chile, 2010

    Prize for young researchers from the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

  •   First Young Investigator Award

    UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

    Chile, 2010

    First Young Investigator Award of the Sciences Faculty


Tipos de Producción
 

Article (96)

Harbouring the secondary endosymbiont Regiella insecticola increases predation risk and reproduction in the cereal aphid Sitobion avenae
A functional transcriptomics analysis in the relict marsupial Dromiciops gliroides reveals adaptive regulation of protective functions during hibernation
Exploring the evolution of multicellularity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under bacteria environment: An experimental phylogenetics approach
Strategies of biochemical adaptation for hibernation in a South American marsupial Dromiciops gliroides: 1. Mitogen-activated protein kinases and the cell stress response
Strategies of biochemical adaptation for hibernation in a South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides: 2. Control of the Akt pathway and protein translation machinery
Strategies of biochemical adaptation for hibernation in a South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides: 3. Activation of pro-survival response pathways
Strategies of biochemical adaptation for hibernation in a South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides: 4. Regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and metabolic fuel selection
Terrestrial birds in coastal environments: metabolic rate and oxidative status varies with the use of marine resources
A phylogenetic analysis of macroevolutionary patterns in fermentative yeasts
Anticipatory gene regulation driven by maternal effects in an insect-host system
Energy expenditure and body size are targets of natural selection across a wide geographic range, in a terrestrial invertebrate
Is there metabolic cold adaptation in terrestrial ectotherms? Exploring latitudinal compensation in the invasive snail Cornu aspersum
The effects of poly-unsaturated fatty acids on the physiology of hibernation in a South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides
The quantitative genetics of physiological and morphological traits in an invasive terrestrial snail: additive vs. non-additive genetic variation
Thermoregulatory capacities and torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides
Can invasions occur without change? A comparison of G-matrices and selection in the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae
Energy metabolism, heart rate and physiological differentiation in the pulmonate gastropod Cornu aspersum
Intraspecific variation in the metabolic scaling exponent in ectotherms: Testing the effect of latitudinal cline, ontogeny and transgenerational change in the land snail Cornu aspersum
Intraspecific variation in the metabolic scaling exponent in ectotherms: Testing the effect of latitudinal dine, ontogeny and transgenerational change in the land snail Cornu aspersum
Metabolism, Growth, and the Energetic Definition of Fitness: A Quantitative Genetic Study in the Land Snail Cornu aspersum
Mitochondrial phylogeography of the land snail Cornu aspersum: tracing population history and the impact of human-mediated invasion in austral South America
Phylogenetic analysis of mammalian maximal oxygen consumption during exercise
Profound changes in blood parameters during torpor in a South American marsupial
Sexual selection on locomotor performance in the calanoid copepod Tigriopus californicus
Aerobic power, huddling and the efficiency of torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides
Evaporative water loss, relative water economy and evaporative partitioning of a heterothermic marsupial, the monito del monte (Dromiciops gliroides)
Repeatability of energy metabolism and resistance to dehydration in the invasive slug Limax maximus
The effects of reproductive specialization on energy costs and fitness genetic variances in cyclical and obligate parthenogenetic aphids.
Bioenergetics and intestinal phenotypic flexibility in the microbiotherid marsupial (Dromiciops gliroides) from the temperate forest in South America
Diet-induced developmental plasticity in life histories and energy metabolism in a beetle
Effects of shape variations on the energy metabolism of the sand cricket Gryllus firmus: a geometric morphometric analysis
Energy metabolism and the postprandial response of the Chilean tarantulas, Euathlus truculentus (Araneae: Theraphosidae)
Exploring the functional association between physiological plasticity, climatic variability, and geographical latitude: lessons from land snails
Short-term consequences of reproductive mode variation on the genetic architecture of energy metabolism and life-history traits in the pea aphid
Spatial and temporal analysis of the genetic diversity and population structure of a freshwater ostracod from the high Andean plateau
Viability selection on body size in a non-marine ostracod
A quantitative survey of the aquatic invertebrate community in the "Monumento natural Salar de Surire" on the Chilean Altiplano
Bioenergetics of torpor in the Microbiotherid marsupial, Monito del Monte (Dromiciops gliroides): the role of temperature and food availability
Do insect pests perform better on highly defended plants? Costs and benefits of induced detoxification defences in the aphid Sitobion avenae
Effects of wing polyphenism, aphid genotype and host plant chemistry on energy metabolism of the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae
Is the evolutionary theory still useful? A review with examples
Morphological and molecular analysis of centropagids from the high Andean plateau (Copepoda: Calanoidea)
Phenotypic integration of morphology and energetic performance under routine capacities: a study in the leaf-eared mouse Phyllotis darwini
Physiological approach to explain the ecological success of 'superclones' in aphids: Interplay between detoxification enzymes, metabolism and fitness
Bioenergetics and inter-individual variation in physiological capacities in a relict mammal - the Monito del Monte (Dromiciops gliroides)
Energetic costs of detoxification systems in herbivores feeding on chemically defended host plants: a correlational study in the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae
EVOLUTION OF TRADE-OFFS BETWEEN SEXUAL AND ASEXUAL PHASES AND THE ROLE OF REPRODUCTIVE PLASTICITY IN THE GENETIC ARCHITECTURE OF APHID LIFE HISTORIES
NATURAL SELECTION REDUCES ENERGY METABOLISM IN THE GARDEN SNAIL, HELIX ASPERSA (CORNU ASPERSUM)
Energetic trade-off between maintenance costs and flight capacity in the sand cricket (Gryllus firmus)
Short-term population differences in the genetic architecture of life history traits related to sexuality in an aphid species
Short-term thermoregulatory adjustments in a South American anseriform, the black-necked swan (Cygnus melanocoryphus)
Blood biochemistry reveals malnutrition in black-necked swans (Cygnus melanocoryphus) living in a conservation priority area
Cyclic gas-exchange in the Chilean red cricket: inter-individual variation and thermal dependence
Heritability of body size in the Chilean blue mussel (Mytilus chilensis Hupe 1854): effects of environment and ageing
Quantitative genetic variation of metabolism in the nymphs of the sand cricket, Gryllus firmus, inferred from an analysis of inbred-lines
Using haematological parameters to infer the health and nutritional status of an endangered black-necked swan population
Whole-animal metabolic rate is a repeatable trait: a meta-analysis
Digestive plasticity in tadpoles of the Chilean giant frog (Caudiverbera caudiverbera): Factorial effects of diet and temperature
How general are current comparative physiology studies?: A quantitative review
Is there a trade-off between energetics and spleen mass? A quantitative genetic study in the leaf-eared mouse
New invariants and dimensionless numbers: futile renaissance of old fallacies?
Quantitative genetics of bioenergetics and growth-related traits in the wild mammal Phyllotis darwini
Quantitative genetics of bioenergetics and growth-related traits in the wild mammal, Phyllotis darwini
The effect of fasting on activity and resting metabolism in the sand cricket, Gryllus firmus: a multivariate approach
Heritability of progeny size in a terrestrial isopod: transgenerational environmental effects on a life history trait
Phenotypic flexibility in a novel thermal environment: Phylogenetic inertia in thermogenic capacity and evolutionary adaptation in organ size
The quantitative genetics of sustained energy budget in a wild mouse
Water economy of three Cinclodes (Furnariidae) species inhabiting marine and freshwater ecosystems
Ambient temperature limits above-ground activity of the subterranean rodent Spalacopus cyanus
Body size as a latent variable in a structural equation model: thermal acclimation and energetics of the leaf-eared mouse
Heritability of energetics in a wild mammal, the leaf-eared mouse (Phyllotis darwini)
The G-matrix of energetics and life histories in a wild mammal
The influence of heat increment of feeding on basal metabolic rate in Phyllotis darwini (Muridae)
A time-energy analysis of daytime surface activity in degus, Octodon degus
A time-energy analysis of summer daytime surface activity in degus, Octodon degus
Daily and seasonal limits of time and temperature to activity of degus
Dynamic thermal balance in the leaf-eared mouse: The interplay among ambient temperature, body size, and behavior
Interplay among energy metabolism, organ mass and digestive enzyme activity in the mouse-opossum Thylamys elegans: the role of thermal acclimation
Intraspecific allometry of haematological parameters in Basilichthys australis
Thermal acclimation and non-shivering thermogenesis in three species of South American rodents: a comparison between arid and mesic habitats
When nonshivering thermogenesis equals maximum metabolic rate: Thermal acclimation and phenotypic plasticity of fossorial Spalacopus cyanus (Rodentia)
Arousal from torpor in the chilean mouse-opposum (Thylamys elegans): Does non-shivering thermogenesis play a role?
Thermal acclimation, maximum metabolic rate, and nonshivering thermogenesis of Phyllotis xanthopygus (Rodentia) in the Andes mountains
Effect of ambient temperature and energy demands on digestive functions in leaf-eared mice (Phyllotis darwini) from central Chile
Effect of dietary composition on food selection and assimilation in the leaf - eared mouse (Phillotys darwini) inhabiting central Chile
Historia térmica de roedores: una aproximación experimental

Dtp Import/Article (14)

Is maximun food instake in endotherms contrained by net or factorial aerobic scope?
Leptin levels, seasonality and thermal acclimation in the Microbiotherid marsupial Dromiciops gliroides: Does photoperiod play a role?.
Phylogenetic analysis supports the aerobic capacity model for the evolution of endothermy
A phylogenetic analysis of macroevolutionary patterns in fermentative yeasts.
The hibernating South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides, displays torpor-sensitive microRNA expression patterns.
The hibernating South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides, displays torpor-sensitive microRNA expression patterns.
Anticipatory gene regulation driven by maternal effects in an insect-host system.
Anticipatory gene regulation driven by maternal effects in an insect–host system.
Energy expenditure and body size are targets of natural selection across a wide geographic range, in a terrestrial invertebrate
Is there metabolic cold adaptation in terrestrial ectotherms? Exploring a latitudinal compensation using a common garden experiment of the invasive snail Cornu aspersum.
Model falsification, quantitative genetics, and the evolution of endothermy: are we choosing the right tool?
The effects of poly-unsaturated fatty acids on the physiology of hibernation in a South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides.
The quantitative genetics of physiological and morphological traits in an invasive terrestrial snail: additive versus non-additive genetic variation

Abstract (7)

Aerobic power, huddling and the efficiency of torpor in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides.
Thermorregulatory capacities and energy-saving strategies in the South American marsupial, Dromiciops gliroides
Changes in Genetic Variation of Energy Metabolism and Life History Traits between Sexual and Asexual Phases of a Clonal Organism
Heritability of physiological traits: The case of metabolic rate
Phenotypic and genetic variability in a latitudinal gradient in Populations of the garden land snail, Helix aspersa, in Chile.
Haematological parameters as tools for evaluate physiological status in an endangered blacknecked swan population
On the heritability of body temperature in endotherms: a study in leaf eared mice.

Review (4)

Using new tools to solve an old problem: the evolution of endothermy in vertebrates
How general are current comparative physiology studies? A quantitative review

Grant (4)

Editorial Material (3)

The role of quantitative genetic studies in animal physiological ecology
Evolution by natural selection: more evidence than ever before

Book Section (2)

Genética cuantitativa y microevolución the caracteres fisiológicos
Termorregulación, vicuñas y esquila: un análisis exploratorio desde la fisiología comparada
178
Roberto Nespolo

Titular Professor

Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

24
Francisco Bozinovic

Full professor

Ecology

Pontifical Catholic University of Chile

Santiago, Chile

18
Leonardo Bacigalupe

Associate Professor

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

13
Luis Castañeda

Profesor Asistente

Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas

Universidad de Chile

Santiago, Chile

11
Juan Gaitán

Postdoctoral Fellow

Oceans and Atmosphere

CSIRO - Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

Hobart, Australia

9
Alejandro Sabat

Full Professor

Ciencias Ecologicas

UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

SANTIAGO, Chile

7
Pablo Cortes

Profesor asistente

Escuela de Agronomía

Universidad Mayor

Santaigo, Chile

4
Claudio Verdugo

Academico

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

4
Marco Lardies

DIRECTOR

CIENCIAS

UNIVERSIDAD ADOLFO IBAÑEZ

Santiago, Chile

3
Andrea Silva

Executive Director

Vicerrectoía de Investigación

Universidad Austral de Chile

Valdivia, Chile

3
Mauricio Soto

Director

Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas

INSITUTO DE CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES Y EVOLUTIVAS, UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

3
Pedro Labarca

Principal Research

Biology

CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS CIENTÍFICOS

Valdivia, Chile

3
Leyla Cardenas

associated professor

Instituto de ciencias ambientales y evolutivas

Universidad Austral de Chile

valdivia, Chile

3
Mauricio Carter

Profesor asistente

Universidad Andres Bello

Santiago, Chile

2
Rodrigo Vásquez

profesor titular

Ciencias Ecológicas

IEB, DEPTO. CS. ECOL., FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS, UNIVERSIDAD DE CHILE

Santiago, Chile

2
August Niemeyer

Full professor

Departamento de Ciencias Ecologicas

Universidad de Chile

Santiago, Chile

1
Ricardo Ceballos

Investigador

INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES AGROPECUARIAS

Chillán, Chile

1
Guillermo Ramirez

Estudiante de Doctorado

Ecología

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Santiago, Chile

1
Felipe Moreno

Académico

Biología y Química

Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Católica del Maule

Talca, Chile

1
Roger Sepúlveda

Profesor Asociado

Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas

Universidad Austral de Chile

VALDIVIA, Chile

1
Jorge Toro

Full Professor

Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas

UNIVERSIDAD AUSTRAL DE CHILE

Valdivia, Chile

1
Maria Poupin

Associate Professor, Master Director

Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias

Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez

Santiago, Chile

1
Claudio Ramirez

Profesor Asociado

Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas

Universidad de Chile

Talca, Chile